ESSENTIAL FOR ENGAGING 19TH CENTURY PHILOSOPHIES
OF SCIENCE AND THEOLOGY
(19th Century Context of The Victory of The Darwinian Method:
Background of American Pragmatism)
I. Philosophical Legacy of The Founders of Pragmatism:
1. Pluralistic Empiricism
2. Temporalism (Historicism; all consciousness is historically contingent from Hegel to
Darwin to Dewey.
3. Cultural and Conceptual Relativism; The Sociology of Knowledge Thesis.
4. Probabilism and Fallibilism vs. Absolute Truth and Certitude.
5. Secular Democratic Individualism; Humanistic Pluralism.
II. Four Crucial Issues:
3. Nature of Religion (Christianity)
4. Man: Total product of nature
III. Ten Crucial Themes:
1. The Conservation of Energy.
2. The Kinetic-Theory of Gases.
3. The Second Law of Thermodynamics.
4. The Evolution of the EarthÕs Crust and of the Fossils Found Therein.
5. The Stages of Embryological Development.
6. The Principles of Domestic Breeding.
7. Quetelet, Comte, and Buckle's Sociological Generalizations.
8. TylorÕs Laws of Development of Primitive Societies.
9. MaineÕs Theory of the Passage from Status to Contract.
10. The Malthusian Law of Population Growth.