In our post modern culture there is an enormous literature, too often merely re-inventing the wheel, on the Restoration Movement.  (This author would prefer to talk of the Restoration Heritage rather than a Movement.)  Some crucial recent bibliography is – The Origins of the Restoration Movement:  An Intellectual History by Richard M. Tristano (Atlanta, GA: Glenmary Research Center, 1988) [This is the result of a Roman Catholic doctoral thesis on American religion] 


A book on educational history is The Disciples Colleges: A History by D. Duane Cummins (St. Louis: CBP Press, 1987). 


William R. Baker, editor, Evangelicalism and The Stone-Campbell Movement (IVP, 2002).  These essays largely are again re-inventing the wheel.  Two issues are not politically correct in our post modern cultural evaluation—authority and tradition, but see the following papers: 


“What Christian Churches/Churches of Christ Believe About Biblical Authority:’ “The Authority of the Church (Roman Catholic Theology from Classical to Contemporary Views)” “Restoration Heritage in Our Post Christian Modern Culture” “Frederick Jackson Turner: The Frontier Thesis in American Historiography”—19th Century Contextualization and Multicultural Pluralsitic Perspective of the Disciples of Christ Historiography.” “Thomas and Alexander Campbell’s Hermeneutic (Restoration Hermeneutic in our Post Christian Culture)” “The Restoration Heritage: Restoration Hermeneutic in Context of the Intellectual and Cultural Milieu of American Thought.”                                                       


Turner’s Frontier Thesis was the controlling voice in early Disciples’ Church History from the University of Chicago, and it is an expression utilizing the metaphor of the frontier; it was grounded in the Marxian view of history that the socio-economic- political factors shaped the theological expression.  This is not true.


(The above essays are available on the web site for Lincoln Christian College and Seminary (


This bibliography is in no way comprehensive.  Other works relating to particular areas will be added at the time of discussion.  Discipliana, a publication of the Disciples of Christ Historical Society in Nashville, TN, has many valuable bibliographies in the areas included in this bibliography.  For example—Alexander Campbell, May and September issues, 1960; Thomas Campbell, January issue, 1961; Walter Scott, May issue, 1961. 


Valuable bibliographical information may also be found in some of the historical works such as those of Garrison and DeGroot, J.D. Murch, Earl West, and A.C. Watters.  John T. Brown’s work, Churches of Christ, contains much historical and biographical information.







Spencer, Claude E.  An Author Catalog of Disciples of Christ and Related Religious Groups.  Disciples of Christ Historical Society, 1946.


________.  Theses Concerning Disciples of Christ and Related Religious Groups.  Disciples of Christ Historical Society, 1964.


________.  Periodicals of the Disciples of Christ and Related Religious Groups.  Disciples of Christ Historical Society, 1964.


Histories (General)


Bacon, L.H.  A History of American Christianity.  NY: Christian Literature, Co., 1907.

Bainton, Roland H.  Here I Stand!  NY: Abingdon-Cokesbury, 1950.

________.  The Reformation of the Sixteenth Century.  Boston: Beacon Press, 1952. Carmen, Harry J., Harold C. Sweet, and Bernard W. Wishy.  A History of the American People.  Vol. I, to 1877.  3rd ed., NY: Knopf, 1967.

Carroll, H.K.  The Religious Forces of the United States.  NY: Christian Literature, 1893.

Gielow, F.J.  Popular Outline of Church History.  Cincinnati: Standard Pub. Co., 1926.

Hudson, W.H.  Religion in America.  NY: Scribners, 1965.

Jordan, Robert L.  Two Races in One Fellowship.  Detroit, MI: United Christian Church, 1944

Sweet, W.W.  Religion in Colonial America.  NY: Scribners, 1940.

________.  Religion on the American Frontier. NY: Cooper Square Pub., 1964, 4 vols.

________.  The Story of Religions in America.  New York and London: Harpers, 1939.

Wade., J.  The Church Through the Centuries.  Cincinnati: Standard Pub. Co., 1964.


Histories (Restoration Movement—General)


Cochran, Louis.  Captives of the Word.  NY: Doubleday, 1969.

Davis, M.M.  How the Disciples Began and Grew.  Cincinnati: Standard, 1915.

________.  The Reformation of the Nineteenth Century.  1913. (Reprint, College Press).

Dowling, Enos E.  The Restoration Movement.  Cincinnati: Standard Pub., 1964.

Garrison, J.H., et. al.  The Reformation of the Nineteenth Century.  St. Louis: Christian Publishing Company, 1901.

________.  The Story of a Century.  Christian Pub. Co., 1909.

Garrison, W.E.  An American Religious Movement.  St. Louis: Christian Board of Publication 1945.

________.  Religion Follows the Frontier.  NY and London: Harpers, 1931.

________ and A.T. DeGroot.  The Disciples of Christ: A History.  St. Louis: Christian Board of Publication, 1948.

Gates, Errett.  The Disciples of Christ.  NY: Baker and Taylor, 1905.

Hall, C.D.  The “New Light” Christians.  Ft. Worth: Stafford-Lowdon Co., 1959.

Harrell, D.E.  Quest for a Christian America.  Nashville: Disciples of Christ Historical Society, 1966.

Jennings, W.W.  Origin and Early History of the Disciples of Christ.   Standard , 1919.

Moore, W.T.  A Comprehensive History of the Disciples of Christ. NY: Revell,  1909

Morrill, M.T.  A History of the Christian Denomination in America.  Dayton: Christian Pub. Association, 1912.

Murch, J.D.  Christians Only.  Cincinnati: Standard Pub. Co., 1962.

Tyler, B.B.  History of the Disciples of Christ. 1894 (American Church History series, vol. 12).

West, E.I. Search for the Ancient Order.  Nashville: Gospel Advocate Co., 1949, 2 vols.


Histories (Restoration Movement—By State)




Ware, E.B.  History of Disciples in California.  Healdsburg: F.W. Cooke, 1916.




Nance, E.C.  Florida Christians.  Winter Park: College Press, 1941.




Moseley, E.  History of the Christian Churches in Georgia.  St. Louis: Bethany Press, 1954.




Haynes, N.S.  History of the Disciples of Christ in Illinois.  Cincinnati: Standard, 1915.




Cauble, C.W.  The Disciples of Christ in Indiana.  Indianapolis: Meigs Pub., 1930.

Evans, Madison.  Biographical Sketches of Pioneer Preachers in Indiana.  Philadelphia: James Challen and Sons, 1862.

Shaw, H.K.  Hoosier Disciples. St. Louis: Bethany Press, 1957.




Painter, J.H.  The Iowa Pulpit of the Church of Christ.  St. Louis: John Burns, 1884.




Dodd, S.T.  The Church of Christ in Kansas.  St. Louis: John Burns, 1883.




Fortune, A.W.  The Disciples of Christ in Kentucky.  Lexington: Convention of the Christian Church in Kentucky, 1932.

Russell, Ward.  Church Life in the Blue Grass, 1783-1933.  Lexington: Author, 1933.

Smith, H.C.  Outline History of the Wilderness of Kentucky and the Religious Movements of the Early Settlers.  Paris, KY: Frank Remington, n.d.




Forster, A.L.  A History of the Christian Church and Church of Christ in Minnesota.  St. Louis: Christian Board of Pub, 1953.




Harmon, M.F.  A History of the Christian Churches in Mississippi.  Aberdeen, MS: Author, 1929.




Haley, T.P.  Historical and Biographical Sketches of the Early Churches and Pioneer Preachers in the Christian Church in Missouri.  St. Louis: Christian Pub. Co., 1868.

Peter, G.L.  The Disciples of Christ in Missouri.  Columbia:  Centennial Convention, ’37.




Disciples of Christ in Montana.  St. Paul: The Pioneer Press Co., 1885.


North Carolina


Ware, C.C.  North Carolina Disciples of Christ. St. Louis: Christian Board of Publication, 1927.




Hayden, A.S.  Early History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve. Cincinnati: Chase and Hall, 1875.

Shaw, H.K.  Buckeye Disciples.  St. Louis: Christian Board of Pub, 1952.

Wilcox, Alanson.  A History of the Disciples of Christ in Ohio.  Cincinnati: Standard, Publishing, 1918.




Swander, C.F.  Making Disciples in Oregon.  Portland, OR: Oregon Christian Missionary Convention, 1928.

________.  Supplement, 1946.




Vogel, Peter.  Tale of a Pioneer Church.  Cincinnati: Standard Pub. Co., 1887.





Norton, H.A.  Tennessee Christians. Nashville: Reed and Co., 1971.




Hall, C.D.  Texas Disciples.  Ft. Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1953.

McPherson, Chalmers.  Disciples of Christ in Texas.  Cincinnati: Standard, 1920.




Hodge, F.A.  The Plea and the Pioneers in Virginia.  Richmond: Everett Waddey, 1905.




Peterson, O.D.  Washington—Northern Idaho Disciples of Christ. St. Louis: Christian Board of Publication, 1945.


West Virginia


Cramblet, W.H.  The Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in West Virginia.  St. Louis: Bethany Press, 1971.




Howe, Henry.  Diary of a Circuit Rider.  Minneapolis: Voyageur Press, 1933.


(Note:  The August, 1959 issue of Discipliana lists many unpublished theses containing historical information concerning the churches in these and other states.  Check also the work by Spencer, Theses of the Disciples of Christ and Related Religious Groups. See also Garrison and DeGroot, The Disciples of Christ, chapters 11, 12, 13; Murch, Christians Only, chapter 8; and J.T. Brown, Churches of Christ.


Histories (Restoration Movement—Foreign)




Stephenson, A.W.  One Hundred Years.  Melbourne: Austral Printing and Pub. Co., 1946

________.  Pioneering for Christian Unity in Australia and New Zealand.  Melbourne: Austral Pub. Co., 1942.




Butchart, Reuben.  The Disciples of Christ in Canada.  Toronto: Canadian Headquarters Pub., 1949 

Moore, W.T., Life of Timothy Coop.  Cincinnati: Standard Pub. Co., n.d.


Great Britain


Watters, A.C.  History of the British Churches of Christ. Indianapolis: Butler School of Religion, 1948.




             Nelson, R.G.  Disciples of Christ in Jamaica, 1858-1948.  St. Louis: Bethany Press, 1958




Baxter, William.  The Life of Elder Walter Scott. Cincinnati: Chase and Hall, 1874.

Boles, H.L.  Biographical Sketches of Gospel Preachers  Nashville: Gospel Advocate Co., 1932.

Campbell, Alexander.  Memoirs of Elder Thomas Campbell.  Cincinnati: H.S. Bosworth, 1861

Campbell, S.H.  Home Life and Reminiscences of Alexander Campbell.  St. Louis: John Burns, 1882.

Choate, J.E. The Anchor That Holds: A Biography of B.C. Goodpasture.  Nashville: Gospel Advocate Co., 1971.

Cochran, Louis.  The Fool of God. NY: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1958.

________.  Raccoon John Smith.  St. Louis: Bethany Press, 1963.

Donan, Peter. Memoirs of J. Creath, Jr.  Cincinnati: R.W. Carroll & Co., 1877.

Fitch, Alger.  Alexander Campbell . . . Austin, TX: Sweet Pub., 1970.

Franklin, J. and J.A. Headington.  The Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin.  St. Louis: John Burns, 1879.

Grafton, T.W. Life of Alexander Campbell.  St. Louis: Christian Pub. Co., 1897.

________.  Men of Yesterday.  St. Louis: Christian Pub. Co., 1899.

Haley, J.J.  Makers and Molders of the Reformation Movement.  St. Louis: Christian Board of Publication, 1914.

Hall, C.D.  Rice Haggard.  Ft. Worth, TX: The T.C.U. Press, 1957.

Hanna, W.H.  Thomas Campbell.  Cincinnati: Standard Pub. Co., 1935.

Hudson, J.A.  The Man and the Moment.  Cincinnati: F.L. Rowe, 1927.

Lamar, J.S.  Memoirs of Isaac Errett.  Cincinnati: Standard Pub., 1893, 2 vols.

Lappin, S.S.  Run, Sammy, Run.  St. Louis: Bethany Press, 1958.

Lord, J.A.  From Darkness to Light.  Cincinnati: Standard Pub. Co., 1907.

MacClenny, W.E.  The Life of Rev. James O’Kelly.  1910.  (Reprinted by Religious Book Service, Indianapolis, IN).

Morro, W.C.  Brother McGarvey.  St. Louis: Bethany Press, 1940.

Patterson, H.C.  Our Living Evangelists.  St. Louis: Christian Pub. Co., 1894.

Peters, H.H.  Charles Reign Scoville, the Man and the Message.  St. Louis: Bethany Press, 1924.

Power, F.D. Life of W.K. Pendleton.  St. Louis: Christian Pub. Co., 1902.

Purviance, Levi.  The Biography of Elder David Purviance. Dayton, OH: B.F. and G.W. Ellis (for the author), 1848 (reprint by Alva Ross Brown, 1940).

Richardson, Robert.  Memoirs of Alexander Campbell.  Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1897, 2 vols.

Rogers, John.  The Biography of Elder J.T. Johnson  Cincinnati: Author, 1861.

Rogers, J.I.  Autobiography of Elder Samuel Rogers.  Cincinnati: Standard Pub., 1880.

Smith, B.L.  Alexander Campbell. St. Louis: Bethany Press, 1930.

Stevenson, D.W.  Voice of the Golden Oracle.  St. Louis: Christian Board of Publication, 1946.

Stone, B.W.  The Biography of Elder Barton W. Stone, written by himself: with Additions and Reflections by Elder John Rogers.  Cincinnati: J.A. and U.P. James, 1847.

Ware, C.C.  Barton Warren Stone.  St. Louis: Bethany Press, 1932.

Wasson, W.W.  James A. Garfield.  Nashville: Tennessee Book Co., 1952.

 West, E.I.  The Life and Times of David Lipscomb.  Henderson, TN: Religious Book Service, 1954.

Williams, J.A.  Life of Elder John Smith.  Cincinnati: R.W. Carroll Co., 1870.


Definitive Works


Abbott, B.A.  The Disciples:  An Interpretation.  St. Louis: Bethany Press, 1924.

Campbell, Alexander.  The Christian System.  (various editions).

Davis, M.M.  First Principles.  Cincinnati: Standard Pub. Co., 1904.

DeGroot, A.T.  Disciple Thought: A History.  Ft. Worth: Texas Christian University, 1965

Edwards, J.H., editor.  Orthodoxy in the Civil Courts.  Cincinnati: Standard Pub., 1884

England, S.J.  We Disciples.  St. Louis: Christian Board of Publication, 1946.

Ford, H.W.  A History of the Statements of the Restoration Plea.  Oklahoma City: Semco Color Press, 1952.

Garrison, J.H.  A Modern Plea for Ancient Truths.  St. Louis: Christian Pub. Co., 1891.

________, ed.  The Old Faith Restated.  St. Louis: Christian Pub. Co., 1891.

Gore, T.J.  That They All May Be One.  Melbourne, Australia: Austral Printing and Pub. Co., 1909.

Gray, James.  Discipleship in the Church.  Birmingham, England: Berean Press, 1942.

Jones, A.B.  The Spiritual Side of the Plea.  St. Louis: Christian Pub. Co., 1901.

Kellems, J.R.  Alexander Campbell and the Disciples.  NY: R.R. Smith, 1930.

Kershner, F.D., and Woodrow Phillips. The Restoration Handbook.  San Antonio: Southern Christian Press, 1960.  Reprint, 5 parts.

Longan, G.W.  Origin of the Disciples of Christ.  St. Louis: Christian Pub. Co., 1889.

Murch, J.D. The Free Church.  Restoration Press, 1966.

Phillips, T.W.  The Church of Christ.  NY: Funk and Wagnalls, 1915.  (Original title, “By a Layman”).

Robinson, William.  What Churches of Christ Stand For.  Birmingham, England: Churches of Christ Publishing Committee, 1926.

Walker, D.E.  Adventuring for Christian Unity.  Birmingham, England: Berean Press, 1935

Welshimer, P.H.  Concerning the Disciples.  Cincinnati: Standard Pub. Co., 1935.




American Christian Review (Octographic Review, Apostolic Review).  Benjamin Franklin, D. Sommer,  Indianapolis, iN: 1856-19--.

The Christian.  E.L. Craig, B.W. Johnson, J.H. Garrison,, editors.  Carrollton, Macomb, Quincy, IL: St. Louis, MO: 1863-

Christian Baptist.  Alexander Campbell, editor.  Buffalo and Bethany, VA: 1823-1830..

Christian Messenger.  Barton Stone, editor. Georgetown, KY and Jacksonville, IL: 1826-1837; 1839-1845.

Christian Standard.  Isaac Errett,, editor.  Cincinnati. OH: 1834-1844.

Evangelist.  Walter Scott, editor.  Cincinnati and Carthage, OH: 1832-1844.

Gospel Advocate.  Tolbert Fanning, David Lipscomb,, eds.  Nashville, TN 1855-

Herald of Gospel Liberty.  Elias Smith, ed. Portsmouth, NH: Dayton, OH: 1908-1930.

Heretic Detector. Arthur Crithfield, ed. Middleburg, OH: 1837-1841.

Millennial Harbinger.  Alexander Campbell, eds. Bethany, VA and Bethany, WV: 1830-1870.


                                                            James D. Strauss, Emeritus

                                                            Lincoln Christian Seminary

                                                            Lincoln, IL 62656