Contra Relativism and Postmodernism: Ten Universal Truths
1. All natural reality is structured.
2. All real beings are specific, yet individual beings are still members of certain classes of beings; there is no abstract ‘being’, nor univocal ‘being’- these are perhaps a reification of language.
3. Structure takes precedence over history because all history takes place within structure.
6. Self-transcendence is necessary for thought, and self-transcendence is demonsratable.
7. Ideas are embedded in related ‘hierarchical’ structures, as are physical structures. Also, all meaning is in a context, which is why a dislocated image can be so multi-interpreted because its context is not explicit.
9. The law of contradiction can only be dismissed never refuted because it requires the law of contradiction to refute it.
10. Human beings are, structurally, moral beings because they posses a ‘category’ of the ought. Incidentally, this fact contradicts empiricism as ultimately adequate because nobody can inductively come to an ought. We can only empirically experience what is.
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Rick Allbee, HCC, 2004
 See esp. Richard Boyd, “On the Current Status of Scientific Realism,” in The Philosophy of Science (eds. Richard Boyd, Philip Gasper, and J. D. Trout; MIT Press, 1991) 195-222; Stanely Jaki, “The Absolute Beneath the Relative: Reflections on Einstein’s Theories,” The Intercollegiate Review (Spring 1985) 29-38; ________“Chance or Necessity: Interaction in Nature vs. Measurement in Physics”(Athens, 1981); Richard H. Jones, Science and Mysticism: A Comparative Study of Western Natural Science, Theravada Buddhism, and Advaita Vedanta (Buchnell University, 1986) 37-40; John Polkinghorne, Belief in God in an Age of Science (Yale, 1999) 1-24, 101-130; and Gen 1.
 See Stanley L. Jaki, The Savior of Science (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000) 223.
 See Ernst Cassirer’s critique of Heidegger in his, The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, Vol 4: The Metaphysics of Symbolic Forms (New Haven: Yale, 1996) 200-205.
 See Stanley L. Jaki, The Savior of Science (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000) 223.
 See Ernst Cassirer’s remarks about language and history in his, An Essay on Man: An Introduction to a Philosophy of Human Culture (New Haven: Yale University Press. 1944, 1972) 118-122. Note also the litrerary structure of Gen 1 which accentuates primal creation’s structure.
 See Ernst Cassirer, The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms (3 vols, Introduction by Charles Hendel, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1955-1958).
 For example, Noam Chomski denies that mere empirical exposure is sufficent for a child to learn language. Besides mere experience, or more accurately, even socially structured experience (see Kenneth L. Pike, Language in Relation to a Unified Theory of the Structure of Human Behavior, The Hague: Mouton, 1967), there is still a significant contribution from the mind that is necessary for language aquisition.
 See Stanley L. Jaki, The Savior of Science (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000) esp. 166-168.
 See Karkkainen’s discussion of Lesslie Newbigin in, Veli-Matti Karkkainen, An Introduction to the Theology of Religions: Biblical, Historical, and Contemporary Perspectives (Inter Varsity Press, 2003) 251. Lesslie Newbigin himself is building upon the thought of Michael Polayni.
 See J.R. Lucas, “Minds, Machines, and Gödel.” Philosophy 36 (1961): 112-127, Roger Penrose, The Emperor’s New Mind (1989); and Michael Polanyi, Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy (1962).
 See Paul Heibert, “The Missiological Implications of an Epistemological Shift,” TSF Bulletin 8 no. 5 (1985): 12-18; Bernard J.F. Lonergan, Insight: A Study of Human Understanding (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1978); Kenneth L. Pike, Talk, Thought, and Thing: The Emic Road Towards Conscious Knowledge (Dallas: The University of Texas at Arlington Summer Institute of Liguistcs, 1993); and Michael Polayni, “Life’s Irreducible Structure” Science 160: 1308-1312.
 See Arthur Peacocke, Intimations of Reality: Critical Realism in Science and Religion (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1983).
 For abuduction see e.g. Richard Boyd, “On the Current Status of Scientific Realism,” in The Philosophy of Science (eds. Richard Boyd, Philip Gasper, and J. D. Trout; MIT Press, 1991) 212-214.
 See e.g. Copleston’s remarks about C.S. Pierce’s abduction where he says, “Abductive argument is predictive in character. That is to say, it formulates a hypothsis from observed facts and deduces what should be the case if the hypothesis is true. And we can then test the prediction.” (Frederick Copleston, S.J., A History of Philosophy, Vol VIII: Bentham to Russell, (N.Y. Doubleday, 1985) 310. For induction’s use with deduction see Sir Karl Popper, The Logic of Scientific Discovery (N.Y.: Harper and Row, 1968) passim.
 See, Harold Netland “Evaluating Truth Claims Across Boundaries,” in The Relationship Between Epistemology, Hermeneutics, Biblical Theology and Contextualization: Understanding Truth (ed. D.W. Kennard, The Edwin Mellen Press, October 1999) 88; and Carl R. Kordig, “Self-Reference and Philosophy,” American Philosophical Quarterly 20 (1983): 207-216.