The Holy Spirit


I.     The Relationship of the Paraclete


A.  With the Father


He will give him (at the prayer of Jesus): 14:16.

He will send him (in Jesus’ name): 14:26; cf. Lk. 24:49. “In Jesus' name” points to his value and importance in the economy of salvation (Prosch, pp. 90, note 47, 256). It also means that the Son, precisely as the Son, plays an active part in sending the Spirit in close association with the Father ( la Potterie, op.cit.(note 1 below), pp. 90-9.).

The Spirit 'proceeds' from the Father: 15:26.

The Spirit will take (or receive) from what is Christ's, but also from what is the Father's: 16:14ff.


B.  With the Son


With regard to Jesus, the Spirit is the other Paraclete: 14:16.

He will be given (at the prayer of Jesus): 14:16.

He will be sent (.in his name): 14:26.

He will teach the disciples and recall to their minds all that Jesus has said to them: 14:26.

He will bear witness to Jesus: 15:26.

He will glorify Jesus because he will take (receive) from what is his: 16; 14, and he will communicate it to the disciples.

He will point out (say) what he hears (of Jesus): 16:13.

The glorified Jesus will send him: 15:26; 16:7.

Jesus' departure is presupposed at the coming of the Spirit: 16:7.


C.  With the Disciples


They know him because he dwells with them: 14:17.

He will be with them forever: 14:16.

He will be in them: 14:17.

He will teach them and recall to their minds all that Jesus has said to them:14:26.

He will be given to them: 14:16.

He will be sent to them: 15:26; 16:7.

He will come to them: 16:7, 13.

He will guide them into all the truth: 16:13.

He will communicate (or unveil) all that is to come: 16:13, or all that he will receive from Jesus.


D.  With the World


The world neither sees him nor knows him and therefore cannot receive him: 14:17. He will confound the world with regard to sin, righteousness and judgment: 16:8.


II.  The Nature, Characteristics and Activity of the Paraclete


A.  His relationships with the Pneuma (the Spirit)


He is the Spirit of truth; He is the Holy Spirit.


B.  He is the subject of the following actions:


He dwells with the disciples: 14:17; he will be in them: 14:17.

He comes: 16:7ff; 16:13.

He receives what is Jesus': 16:14ff.

He proceeds from the Father: 15:26.

He listens (hears): 16:13.

He teaches: 14:26.

He calls to mind: 14:26.

He communicates (makes known): 16:13ff.

He speaks (reveals): 16:13.

He glorifies (Jesus): 16:14.

He guides into all the truth: 16:13.

He bears witness: 15:26.

He convinces of sin: 16:8.


C.  He is the object of the following actions given:.


He is sent; 14:16, 14:26; 15:26; 16:7.

He is neither seen nor known: 14:17.

He is not received; 14:17.


III. The Close Connections Between the Paraclete and Jesus: Parallel Activities


There are far more statements about these connections than there are about the relationships between the Paraclete and the Father.  The Paraclete should therefore be seen above all in his relationship with Jesus.  It should be clear from the following conspectus how close this is.  (G. Bornkamm should also be consulted in this context.)


The Paraclete




given by the Father: 14:16


is with and in the disciples: 14:16ff.

3:22; 13:33; 14:20; 14:26

the world cannot receive him: 14:17

1:11; 5:53 (12:48)

it does not know him; only believers know him: 14:17

14:19; 16:16ff.

sent by the Father: 14:26

see chapters 5, 7, 8, 12 7:14ff; 8:20; 18:37 5:43; 16:28; 18:37

teaches: 14:26

5:31ff; 8:13ff; 7:7 (3:19ff; 9:41; 15:22)

comes (from the Father into the world) 15:26; 16:13, 7

7:17; 8:26, 28, 38; 12:49ff; 14:10

bears witness: 15:26

cf. 12:28; 17:1, 4

confounds the world: 16:8

4:26 (16:25)

does not speak of himself; speaks only what he has heard: 16:13

cf. 1:17; 5:33; 18:37; 14:6

glorifies (Jesus): 16:14


unveils (communicates): 16:13ff


guides into all the turth—he is the Spirit of truth: 16:13



(Taken from F. Porsch, Pneuma und Wort (Frankfurt, 1974); 237ff.)


Dr. J. D. Strauss