Institutions Disseminating New Age Phenomena: Key Places


Findhorn, Scotland community in 1965 (holistic farming community started by Peter Caddy). Key location for Aquarian conferences.

Esalm Soviet-American Institute co-operated with Soviet officials as the Health Promotion Project; alternatives in London, Esalm in Big Sur, CA, open center and omega institute in New York. These movements have spread through courses in Comparative Religions, Mythology, Mysticism, Meditation, Psychotherapy, Expansion of Consciousness, etc.

Eramos conferences in Monte Verita: a utopian community near Ascona in Switzerland.




Christoph Bochiner.  “New Age” und moderne Religion: Religionswissenschaftliche Untersuchungen, Gutersloh (Kaiser) 1994.


Hans Gasper, Joachim Muller and Friederike Valentin.  Lexikon der Sekten, Sondergruppen und Weltanschauungen, Fakten, Hintergrunde, Klarungen, updated edition, Freiburg-Basel-Vienna (Herder) 2000. See, inter alia, the article “New Age” by Christoph Schorsch, Karl R. Essmann and Medard Kehl, and “Reinkarnation” by Reinhard Hummel.


Manabu Haga and Robert J. Kisala (eds.).  “The New Age in Japan”, in Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, Fall 1995, vol. 22, numbers 3 & 4.


Wouter Hanegraaff.  New Age Religion and Western Culture. Esotericism in the Mirror of Nature, Leiden-New York-Koln (Brill), 1996. Extensive bibliography.


Paul Heelas.  The New Age Movement. The Celebration of the Self and the Sacralization of Modernity, Oxford (Blackwell), 1996.


Arild Romarheim.  The Aquarian Christ. Jesus Christ as Portrayed by New Religious Movements, Hong Kong (Good Tiding) 1992.


Rodney Stark and William S. Bainbridge.  The Future of Religion. Secularisation, Revival and Cult Formation, Berkeley (University of CA Press) 1985.


Steven Sutcliffe and Marion Bowman (eds.).  Beyond the New Age. Exploring Alternative Spirituality, Edinburgh University Press, 2000).


World Commission on Culture and Development, Our Creative Diversity. Report of the World Commission on Culture and Development, Paris (UNESCO) 1995, which illustrates the importance given to celebrating and promoting diversity.


“The New Age Movement in Great Britain”, in Syzygy. Journal of Alternative Religion and Culture, 1.2-3 (1992), Stanford, CA.



Maranatha Community’s The True and the False New Age. Introductory Ecumenical Notes, Manchester (Maranatha) 1993, 8.10.


J. Gordon Melton.  New Age Encyclopedia, Detroit (Gale Research) 1990.


Matthew Fox.  The Coming of the Cosmic Christ. The Healing of Mother Earth and the Birth of a Global Renaissance, San Francisco (Harper & Row), 1988.


Brendan Pelphrey.  “I said, You are Gods. Orthodox Christian Theosis and Deification in the New Religiou Movements” in Spirituality East and West, Easter 2000 (No. 13).


Adrian Smith. God and the Aquarian Age. The new era of the Kingdom, Great Wakering (McCrimmons), 1990.


Benjamin CrŹme.  The Reappearance of Christ and the Masters of Wisdom, London, 1979.


Edwin Schur. The Awareness Trap. Self-Absorption instead of Social Change, New York (McGraw Hill) 1977.


A Catholic Response to the New Age Phenomenon, Irish Theological Commission 1994, chp. 3.


William Bloom.  The New Age. An Anthology of Essential Writings, London (Rider), 1991.


R. Rhodes.  The Counterfeit Christ of the New Age Movement, Grand Rapids (Baker), 1990.


Elliot Miller.  A Crash Course in the New Age, Eastbourne (Monarch), 1989.


R. Laurence Moore.  In Search of White Crows: Spiritualism, Parapsychology, and American Culture, New York (Oxford University Press), 1977.


John Paul II.  Encyclical letter Fides et Ratio(14 September 1998), 36-48.


Massimo Introvigne.  New Age & Next Age, Casale Monferrato (piemme) 2000.


Susan Greenwood.  “Gender and Power in Magical Practices”, in Steven Sutcliffe and Marion Bowman (eds.), Beyond New Age. Exploring Alternative Spirituality, Edinburgh, 2000.


Elizabeth Puttick.  “Personal Development: the Spiritualisation and Secularisation of the Human Potential Movement”, in: S. Sutcliffe and M. Bowman (eds.), Beyond New Age (op cit).


Eckhard Tur. “Neonazismus” in Hans Gasper, Joachim Muller, Friederike Valentin (eds.), Lexikon der Sekten, Sondergruppen und Weltanschauungen. Fakten, Hintergrunde, Klarungen, Freiburg-Basel-Wien (Herder), 2000.