Foundations of Biblical Theology                                                                                                       James D. Strauss


Promise, Covenant and Remnant Motif


1.  Flood Story - Genesis 7.23ff within the structure of Genesis 1-11 (cf. Genre in Near Eastern Literature; see Prichard; W.E. Stapels, “Epic Motifs in Amos” JNES 25(1966):106-12; A.R. Millard, “A New Babylonian ‘Genesis1 Story”, Tyndale Bulletin 18(1967):14-18; K.A. Kitchen, Ancient Orient and The Old Testament (IVP 1968); Jack P. Lewis, A Study of The Interpretation of  Noah and The Flood in Jewish and Christian Literature (Leiden, 1968); Heidel, The Gilgamesh Epic and OT Parallels, esp. pp. 260-69; see my Archaeological Background of Genesis 1-11 - Since Gunkel, with Bibliography.


2.   Abraham-Lot data - Gen. 18.17-33 - 19.17,19,20,22 (compare Gen. 6-9).


3.   Jacob-Esau data - Gen. 32.8ff (compare Gunkel, von Rad, Speiser, and Westermann on Genesis)


4.   Joseph data - Gen 37-45.7 “And God sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant on earth, and to keep alive for you many survivors” Gen. 45.7.


5.   Elijah data - I Kgs. 18.22, 40; 19.3,4,14,17,18; II Kgs. 9.15; 10.11,14,17,19.2’!,24,25,28 “Yet I will leave seven thousand in Israel, all the knees that have not bowed to Baal, and every mouth that has not kissed him” I Kgs.  19.18. (H.H. Rowley, “Elijah on Mt. Carmel,” BJRL 43 (1960):190ff; Men of God (London, 1963), PP- 37ff; J. Gray, I/II Kings (Commentary, 1963), pp. 343-44; M. Noth, History of Israel, p. 242; R. de Vaux, Ancient Israel, p. 280; J. Bright, History of Israel, p. 227; W.F. Albright, Yahweh and The Gods of Canaan, p. 243.)


6.   Remnant Motif in Amos:  1.1; 7.14,15 - 3.12; 5.12; 6.12; 8.5,6; 9.7, 8-15; esp. 9.11,12 and Acts 15; II Kgs. 87.20-22; II Chron 21.8-10.  Doom and Hope in juxtaposition in Amos (Prophecy, History and Eschatology). The apostate people is about to be brought to an end - 9.If.  What does Amos mean by “remnant of Joseph”? Amos 3.2; Gen. 45f. Davidic Promise and “David’s Fallen House”. (A.S. Kapelrud, Central Ideas in Amos, 2nd ed. Oslo, 1961; esp. pp. 48-50; my Theology of The OT, on reserve; Clements, Prophecy and Covenant, p. 122; For promise connected with the Davidic covenant see D.J. McCarthy, Per Gottesbund in Alten - Testament (SBS 13; 2nd ed; Stuttgart, 1967, pp. 70-77; D.R. Hillers, Covenant (Baltimore, MD 1969), pp.  111-119; Thiele, Mysterious Numbers of The Hebrew Kings, pp. 144-48; Oppenheim in ANET, p. 282; and H. Ringgren, The Prophetical Conception of Holiness (Leipzig, 1948, esp. 623ff.


7.   Remnant Motif in Isaiah:  1.4-9; 5; 6.1 - 9.11 (esp. 5.16, 25-29; 9.7; 10.3-4; 28.22; 30.15) 42-55; 60-66.  (W.F. Albright, Archaeology and The Religion of Israel).


8.   Jesus and Discipleship as Remnant Motif:


Hasel, Gerhard F., History and Theology of The Remnant Idea From Genesis to Isaiah) (Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press, 1972).